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Research & Studies

Effects on Anxiety and Vital Signs of the Emotional Freedom Technique and Music Before Surgery for Lumbar Disc Hernia

Citation (APA style): Cici, R., & Özkan, M. (2021). Effects on anxiety and vital signs of the Emotional Freedom Technique and music before surgery for lumbar disc hernia. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 27(12).

Abstract

Context: Patients hospitalized for surgical treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) are adversely affected psychologically, with fury, anger, helplessness, anxiety, and depression being observed in patients. Anxiety in particular is a common problem, with an incidence of around 90%.

Objective: This study intended to determine the effects on patients’ anxiety and vital signs of the Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) and music before LDH surgery.

Design: The research team designed a quasi-experimental study.

Setting: The research was carried out in the neurosurgery clinic of a university hospital in Turkey.

Participants: Participants were 162 adult patients at the clinic who had LDH surgery between February 2018 and September 2019.

Intervention: Using the nonprobability sampling method, participants were allocated to one of three groups: (1) 54 to the music group, an intervention group; (2) 54 patients to the EFT group, an intervention group; and (3) 54 to the control group.

Outcome Measures: The Patient Information Form, Life Findings Form, Subjective Units of Distress (SUD) scale, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory–State Anxiety (STAI-S) were used to collect data. In the data analysis, the numbers, percentages, means, standard deviations, and chi-square values were found, and the t test and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used in the dependent and independent groups, respectively. The Tukey test was used for further analysis.

Results: EFT and music were determined to significantly reduce participants’ state anxiety and subjective discomfort (p<0.001). EFT significantly reduced the pulse and respiratory rates and the systolic blood pressure, and music significantly lowered the diastolic and systolic blood pressures (p<0.05). Further analyses showed that EFT was more effective on state anxiety and reducing the respiratory rate than music.

Conclusions: Both music and EFT before LDH surgery reduced anxiety and regulated vital signs, and EFT was found to be more effective than music in regulating anxiety and respiratory rate.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Technique, EFT, music, lumbar disc hernia, LDH surgery, anxiety, depression

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