Emotional Freedom Techniques and anxiety level of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
Citation (APA style): Shari, W. W., Suryani, S., & Emaliyawati, E. (2014). Emotional Freedom Techniques and anxiety level of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran [Padjadjaran Nursing Journal], 2(3), 133-145.
Anxiety occurring before Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) can aggravate the condition of disease, affecting hemodynamic status, immune disorders, and metabolic disorders that result in tissue perfusion and disruption of oxygen supply. Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) is one of the preferred interventions, based on literature demonstrating that EFT can reduce anxiety by ameliorating the stress response and also addressing the root causes of anxiety. The objective of the current study is to determine the effect of EFT intervention on the level of anxiety of patients undergoing PCI in Hospital X. The research employed a quasi-experimental method to design pretest and posttest groups. Using a consecutive sampling technique, 30 people were divided into intervention and control groups. The intervention group received EFT for 15 minutes. Anxiety level was measured before and after intervention using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S). Data were analyzed by t test. The result showed significant differences between anxiety levels before and after the EFT intervention (p < 0.05) and significant differences in the intensity of anxiety after intervention between intervention and control groups (p < 0.05). The research conclusion is that EFT can reduce anxiety levels in patients undergoing PCI. EFT is a method that warrants consideration as an intervention based on empirical evidence, its ability to provide benefits, the fact that it is easy to learn and to do, and that it is without side effects.
Keywords: Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT, anxiety, complementary, percutaneous coronary intervention, PCI