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Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique on Perceived Stress, Quality of Life, and Cortisol Salivary Levels in Tension-Type Headache Sufferers: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Abstract

Objective
To evaluate the short-term effects of the emotional freedom technique (EFT) on tension-type headache (TTH) sufferers.

Design
We used a parallel-group design, with participants randomly assigned to the emotional freedom intervention (n = 19) or a control arm (standard care n = 16). Setting The study was conducted at the outpatient Headache Clinic at the Korgialenio Benakio Hospital of Athens. Participants Thirty-five patients meeting criteria for frequent TTH according to International Headache Society guidelines were enrolled. Intervention Participants were instructed to use the EFT method twice a day for two months.

Outcome Measures
Study measures included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, and the Short-Form questionnaire-36. Salivary cortisol levels and the frequency and intensity of headache episodes were also assessed.

Results
Within the treatment arm, perceived stress, scores for all Short-Form questionnaire-36 subscales, and the frequency and intensity of the headache episodes were all significantly reduced. No differences in cortisol levels were found in any group before and after the intervention.

Conclusions
EFT was reported to benefit patients with TTH. This randomized controlled trial shows promising results for not only the frequency and severity of headaches but also other lifestyle parameters.

Keywords: Stress; TTH; stress management; EFT; health promotion

Citation (APA Style):
Bougea, A. M., Spandideas, N., Alexopoulos, E. C., Thomaides, T., Chrousos, G. P., & Darviri, C. (2013). Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique on Perceived Stress, Quality of Life, and Cortisol Salivary Levels in Tension-Type Headache Sufferers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. EXPLORE, 9(2), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.005

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Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing

Research & Studies

Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing

Citation (APA style): Banerjee, P., Puri, A., & Luqman, N. (2015). Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing. International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering and Management (IJAIEM), 4(9), 19—26.

Abstract

In the present-day competitive world, life is full of stress, especially for students who are on the threshold of a career. It has been accepted that emotional disharmony is one of the important factors in physical symptoms and disease. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is being widely used as an alternate healing method for freedom from stress/disease and has also shown astounding results in alleviating chronic illness. EFT is being used in medical and psychiatric circles as well as in the range of psychotherapies and healing disciplines. In this paper, an attempt was made to study the effects of EFT on subjects’ stress level. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant drop in the stress level of the subjects after using the technique. A sample of university students was selected and the results were noted. Pre and posttest design was used. It was concluded that the Emotional Freedom Technique had a positive effect on the stress level of subjects as they felt more relaxed, comfortable, and calm after going through EFT. The long-term benefits of this technique are discussed.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Technique, EFT, tapping, stress, relaxation, healing

A case report of a patient with weakness of heart and gall bladder type somatization disorder induced by stress

Research & Studies

A Case Report of a Patient with Weakness of Heart and Gall Bladder Type Somatization Disorder Induced by Stress

Citation (APA Style): Seo, J-H., Kang, H-Sun., Kim, Ja-Y., Sung, W-Y., Na, Y-J., & Kim, J-W. (2007). A case report of a patient with weakness of heart and gall bladder type somatization disorder induced by stress. Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, 18(3), 249-260.

Abstract

Clinicians note an increase in minor stress associated with somatization disorder. This clinical report describes a patient with somatization disorder induced by stress who was treated with a typical oriental medical protocol (herbal medicine and acupuncture) to reinforce the heart and gall bladder, in combination with EFT for psychological conditions. Symptom levels on the State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory were assessed before and after treatment. The results show that typical oriental medical treatments for reinforcing the weakness of heart and gall bladder meridians, in combination with EFT, are efficient in the treatment of somatization disorder.

Key Words

Somatization disorder, stress, weakness of heart and gall bladder, EFT