🎁🎄❄️ 50% Off Holiday Sale! ❄️ 🎄🎁

Effectiveness of Emotional Freedom Technique on Public Speaking Anxiety in University Student

Research & Studies

The Effectiveness of Emotional Freedom Technique on Public Speaking Anxiety in University Student: An Integrated Review

Citation (APA style): Wati, N. L., Sansuwito, T. B., Riyanto, D., Sustiyono, A., & Musfirowati, F. (2022). The effectiveness of Emotional Freedom Technique on public speaking anxiety in university student: An integrated review. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(F), 263–268. doi:10.3889/oamjms.2022.7919

Abstract

Public speaking anxiety is the most frequently feared condition among university students in academic activities. Emotional freedom technique has gained increased popularity and appears a promising way to reduce emotional distress in different settings and populations. However, limited review has examined EFT treatment for public speaking anxiety. This integrative review was to examine the effectiveness of EFT programs on public speaking anxiety in university students. The review was carried out using the framework for integrated reviews obtained from Google Scholar, PsycINFO, and PubMed. Articles were included when reporting primary studies on the efficacy of EFT programs on public speaking anxiety for university students in Bahasa Indonesia and English. The total of five were evaluated critically and included in the review. Two of the studies were undertaken in the United Kingdom, and one each in Australia, Turkey, and Indonesia. Two of the studies were randomized controlled, two used mixed methods, and one quasi-experimental design. A majority of the interventions were able to reduce public speaking anxiety. This review shows that implementation of EFT, even within limited resources, is both achievable and worthwhile. EFT programs should be introduced early in the curriculum for university students in their first year of a bachelor program.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Technique, EFT, public speaking anxiety, student, tapping

EFT as a Tool to Resolve Anxiety

Research & Studies

EFT as a Tool to Resolve Anxiety: A Case Study Approach

Citation (APA style): Pandey, N. (2020). EFT as a tool to resolve anxiety: A case study approach. International Journal of Psycho-Social Research (IJPSR), 9(1).

Abstract

Background: The present work examines the extent to which Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is effective as a tool in resolving anxiety. In recent years, various mental health professionals have been focusing on the use of alternative therapies like Thought Field Therapy (TFT), hypnotherapy, past life regression therapy, and Reiki, but there is a paucity of empirical research on the underlying factors for managing emotional challenges and turmoil.

Objective: One of the latest techniques, EFT, was established by Gary Craig. Case study method was used for the present case of one individual who had a very high level of anxiety.

Measures: To measure the level of anxiety, the Subjective Units of Discomfort (SUD) scale, as an introspective technique for experienced emotional and psychosomatic discomfort, was used as a pre and post measure.

Findings: Major findings were at two levels: a) intensive effect of one traumatic event on the adult life (in this case anger leading to performance anxiety and fear of authority), and b) how EFT helps a person to understand and handle emotions in a positive manner. The implication of the study is that the person who practices EFT regularly would be in a better position to understand and handle disturbing emotions. It is a cost-effective, easy to learn, simple to use tapping technique that can be used anywhere, anytime, and any number of times in a day. It can be used for all emotions and body pains.

Keywords

EFT, Emotional Freedom Technique, tapping, anxiety, psychosomatic ailments, discomfort

Effect of EFT Tapping on Anxiety and Quality of Life

Research & Studies

Effect of EFT Tapping on Anxiety and Quality of Life

Citation (APA style): Warrier, A. (2018). Effect of EFT tapping on anxiety and quality of life. Phonix International Journal for Psychology and Social Sciences (PIJPS), 2(2), 53–73.

Abstract

Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) as a new therapeutic technique in energy psychology has positive effects on psychological and physiological symptoms, and quality of life. It has deep roots in modern psychology as well as the ancient science of acupuncture. It is also called tapping because EFT involves tapping with your fingertips on acupoints on your body. Studies were conducted to understand the effect of EFT Tapping on anxiety and quality of life in adults. Ethical approval was secured. Clients over the age of 20 years and staying in the Delhi NCR area were invited to participate in a two-week intervention program. At the start and end of their intervention, participants were asked to complete STAT and WHOQOL-BREF questionnaires. Sixty-five participants gave consent, 61 completed questionnaires, and 46 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The range in age was 20-75 years. The researcher conducted three tapping sessions in a time span of two weeks. The main presenting conditions were anxiety. STAT and WHOQOL-BREF scores showed both emotionally and statistically significant improvements after the intervention. Statistically there was significant improvement for anxiety and quality of life (all p < 0.001). Mean anxiety scores improved from 8.3250 (high) at start to 6.9750 (average). Mean quality of life scores improved from 65.5313 at start to 67.1125 (higher mean shows better quality of life) at end (SD = 6.81, p < 0.001). Improvements were seen in all participants. Despite the limited sample size and other limitations, significant improvements were shown. The results support the potential of EFT as a cost-effective intervention to reduce anxiety and thereby help improve quality of life. However, there were few data available comparing EFT to standard-of-care treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy, and further research is needed to establish the relative efficacy of EFT to established protocols.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Technique, EFT, tapping, anxiety, quality of life

Emotional Freedom Techniques (Tapping) to Improve Wellbeing and Reduce Anxiety in Primary School Classrooms

Research & Studies

Emotional Freedom Techniques (tapping) to Improve Wellbeing and Reduce Anxiety in Primary School Classrooms

Citation (APA style): Lambert, M. T., Smith, S. E., Moss, S., & Kirshbaum, M. N. (2022). Emotional Freedom Techniques (tapping) to improve wellbeing and reduce anxiety in primary school classrooms. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 47(3). doi:10.14221/ajte.2022v47n3.5

Abstract

The use of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) as a class exercise was investigated to ascertain its effectiveness for student wellbeing. Although EFT has been validated in clinical settings, studies have not yet established whether this approach could be applied in classrooms to curb anxiety and improve wellbeing. A pragmatic, mixed methods study was conducted with 138 students in northern Australian primary schools. Student anxiety dissipated over two stages of intervention. Aside from class tapping sessions, students sometimes tapped surreptitiously, and teachers applied tapping for themselves on occasions. Students generally preferred a quieter, individual approach during class tapping sessions. Broader themes derived from student and teacher data suggested that tapping is a mechanism for change, the skills are transferable, and unsurprisingly, tapping is not always effective. EFT supports social and emotional learning and aligns with the Australian school curriculum. Findings suggest EFT used in classrooms can benefit students and teachers.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT, tapping, primary school, anxiety, wellbeing

Emotional Freedom Techniques for Stroke Rehabilitation: A Single Case Study

Research & Studies

Emotional Freedom Techniques for Stroke Rehabilitation: A Single Case Study

Citation (APA style): Fuller, S. A., & Stapleton, P. (2021). Emotional Freedom Techniques for Stroke Rehabilitation: A Single Case Study. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine, 6(4), 1-1.

Abstract

A 37-year-old female with a history of complex trauma, anxiety and depression was treated with Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) supplemented with guided imagery within the first 24 hours of having a stroke that affected the right side. CT scans indicated a hemorrhage and brain clot. Surgery was delayed as another seizure was expected. Interventions occurred during COVID-19 restrictions. The patient then engaged in 90 minutes of EFT every day over the course of a week while in hospital. After seven days she was discharged, and there were significant reductions in depression, anxiety and pain, and mobility returned. Upon discharge the patient had evident improvement in balance and coordination and successfully completed a driving test within the weeks that followed. Subsequent CT scans reveal very little scaring or evidence of the stroke, blood pressure remained stable, and no medication was warranted. This case study presents the practitioner’s perspective of the sessions provided.

Keywords

Stroke, emotional freedom technique, tapping, guided imagery, visualization, cerebral, single case, depression, anxiety, trauma

EFT as an Alternative Therapy to Reduce Anxiety Disorders and Depression in People Who Are Positive Covid-19

Research & Studies

EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) as an Alternative Therapy to Reduce Anxiety Disorders and Depression in People Who Are Positive Covid-19

Citation (APA style): Tambunan, M. B., Suwarni, L., Setiawati, L., & Mardjan, M. (2022). EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) as an alternative therapy to reduce anxiety disorders and depression in people who are positive Covid-19. Psikostudia: Jurnal Psikologi, 11(1), 59-68. doi:10.30872/psikostudia

Abstract

The increasing number of deaths from Covid-19 is in line with anxiety disorders and depression in people who are positive for Covid-19. The emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is known as an effective therapy to reduce mental health disorders in certain patients but has never been applied to people who are confirmed positive for Covid-19. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of EFT as an alternative therapy in reducing anxiety and depression in people who are positive for Covid-19. This research design uses a quasi-experimental approach with a one-group pretest and posttest approach. A total of 22 people were isolated in the Health Training Unit (UPELKES) provided by the Pontianak Government of Indonesia in June 2021. The data analysis technique used paired t-test (95% CI). There was a significant decrease in anxiety (t value = 6,738) and depression scores (t value = 2,585) after EFT therapy was given (p-value < 0.05). Thus, EFT can be an alternative therapy in overcoming anxiety and depression disorders in people who are confirmed positive for Covid-19.

Key Words

Covid-19, anxiety disorders, depression, Emotional Freedom Technique

What’s the Point of Tapping? A Review

Research & Studies

What’s the Point of Tapping? A Review

Citation (APA style): Pfeiffer, A. (2018). What’s the point of tapping? A review. Psychotherapeutenjournal (German) 3, 235-243.

Abstract

The so-called tapping techniques like process and embodiment-focused psychology (PEP) and Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) have long since found their way into everyday clinical treatment in Germany. Clinical experience indicates that conditions with a high level of physiological emotional are believed to respond well to tapping techniques. However, based on the esoteric-sounding energy hypotheses on which such treatments rest, many classically trained psychotherapists are critical of these techniques. What do the scientific studies of recent years say about the effectiveness of tapping techniques? For which clinical situations is the application of tapping to be recommended? This review is intended to provide an insight into the current state of research, to critically analyze the individual studies, and to compare their results with studies of other forms of psychotherapy. On this basis, the scientific hypotheses of these therapies is also discussed.

Key Words

Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT, tapping.

Research on Acupoint Tapping Therapies Proliferating Around the World

Research & Studies

Research on Acupoint Tapping Therapies Proliferating Around the World

Citation (APA Style): Freedom, J., Hux, M., & Warner, J. (2022). Research on acupoint tapping therapies proliferating around the world. Energy Psychology: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 14(1), 22–37. doi:10.9769/EPJ.2022.14.1.JF

Abstract

Background
The evidence base for acupoint tapping including Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) includes over 120 clinical trials showing relatively rapid and durable improvements for a range of psychological and physical conditions. It supports the premise that tapping is an active ingredient and shows associated physiologic changes. This evidence is based in standard Western literature databases such as EBSCO and overwhelmingly in English.

Objective
The current report explores international and regional research on EFT not previously known in the Western literature evidence base.

Methods and Results
A search of ResearchGate found 86 research studies on acupoint tapping not identified in standard Western databases. A systematic search of 21 databases using the EBSCO search engine yielded an additional five previously unknown papers for a total of 91 research studies. These studies were published in regional and international journals (71% in Indonesia) with most published primarily in languages other than English (81% had only title and/or abstract available in English). EFT was used in 47% of the studies, and the remaining studies used “Spiritual EFT” (SEFT), a variation developed in Indonesia combining tapping with spiritual affirmations from the Quran. The majority (84%) were single group or comparative clinical trials and 5% were literature reviews. The target issue included a range of psychological or medical conditions such as anxiety (29%), depression (15%), and hypertension (11%). In a further step, the potential magnitude of this additional research base was explored using Google Scholar. Challenges include inconsistent quality of translations, limited search capabilities of Google Scholar, lack of full text translated into English, and reasons why this literature is not found in the major databases.

Conclusion
This review identified a large number of studies that had been “invisible” in the West due to their having been published in non-English-language journals. They demonstrate growing interest in EFT throughout the world. In comparison with English-language EFT databases, these studies tend to be more frequently performed in treatment settings such as hospitals, clinics, and universities, and they often address medical diagnoses such as diabetes, hypertension, and pain as well as psychological conditions. In addition, they apply EFT with populations rarely focused upon in Western EFT studies, such as prisoners, addicts, cancer patients, and diabetics. Finally, these studies provide a valuable perspective on how acupoint tapping is being used around the world in real-life settings.

Key Words

Tapping, EFT, Emotional Freedom Techniques, energy psychology, acupoint tapping, Spiritual EFT.

Integrating the Complementary Therapies of Energy Psychology and Dreamwork – the Dream to Freedom Method

Research & Studies

Integrating the Complementary Therapies of Energy Psychology and Dreamwork – the Dream to Freedom Method

Citation (APA Style): Hoss, R. J., Hoss, L. M., Church, D. (2022) Integrating the complementary therapies of Energy Psychology and Dreamwork – the Dream to Freedom Method. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine, 7(3):27; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2203024.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the integration of dreamwork and Energy Psychology (EP) can enhance outcomes in the treatment of a range of psychological disorders. The therapeutic process often begins with a peeling away of emotional layers until underlying issues surface. When utilizing dreamwork, however, it is possible to begin at a deeper level. Because dreams address salient unresolved emotional conflicts, dreamwork can quickly bring into consciousness previously unconscious emotional issues that are at the source of psychological difficulties. Utilizing techniques from energy psychology to process the material that emerges in dreams is a particularly potent way of engaging the emotional content of the dream and utilizing it to inform the dreamer’s self-understanding and direction. Energy Psychology, in its most frequently utilized format, the Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), combines imaginal exposure and cognitive restructuring with the somatic stimulation of acupuncture points by tapping on them. More than 100 clinical trials demonstrate the unusual speed and clinical efficacy of EFT. The authors of this paper have combined dreamwork and EFT into a therapeutic protocol we call the Dream to Freedom (DTF) method. In addition to providing theoretical underpinnings of the approach, we present details of the use of the DTF protocol with seven subjects. In each case, underlying stressful memories triggering psychological symptoms were revealed, and the stress reaction to those specific memories was minimized or eliminated. In all seven case reports, DTF appears to have provided a systematic protocol for enhancing the emotional problem-solving function of dreams, providing each subject with insight towards creating future action steps.

Key Words

Energy Psychology, Emotional Freedom Techniques, (EFT), tapping, stress response, memory reconsolidation, dream work, gestalt therapy, dream analysis, dream to freedom (DTF).

Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing

Research & Studies

Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing

Citation (APA style): Banerjee, P., Puri, A., & Luqman, N. (2015). Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing. International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering and Management (IJAIEM), 4(9), 19—26.

Abstract

In the present-day competitive world, life is full of stress, especially for students who are on the threshold of a career. It has been accepted that emotional disharmony is one of the important factors in physical symptoms and disease. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is being widely used as an alternate healing method for freedom from stress/disease and has also shown astounding results in alleviating chronic illness. EFT is being used in medical and psychiatric circles as well as in the range of psychotherapies and healing disciplines. In this paper, an attempt was made to study the effects of EFT on subjects’ stress level. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant drop in the stress level of the subjects after using the technique. A sample of university students was selected and the results were noted. Pre and posttest design was used. It was concluded that the Emotional Freedom Technique had a positive effect on the stress level of subjects as they felt more relaxed, comfortable, and calm after going through EFT. The long-term benefits of this technique are discussed.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Technique, EFT, tapping, stress, relaxation, healing