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The use of Advanced Integrative Therapy with C-PTSD and intergenerational trauma transmission: A case study

Research & Studies

The Use of Advanced Integrative Therapy with C-PTSD and Intergenerational Trauma Transmission: A Case Study

Citation (APA Style): Weaver, T. B. (2021). The use of Advanced Integrative Therapy with C-PTSD and intergenerational trauma transmission: A case study. Energy Psychology: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 13(2), 23–38. doi:10.9769/EPJ.2021.13.2.TBW

Abstract

Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD) and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) pose health problems in the United States, and intergenerational relational trauma plays a role in the continuation and transmission of these issues. Advanced Integrative Therapy (AIT), a novel treatment, was used to treat a case of C-PTSD. The client’s chief concern was a flare-up of anxiety, relational distress, and fibromyalgia that occurred when they (chosen pronoun) accepted custody of their nephew. Over a span of nine 90-minute sessions, the clinician assessed progress using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5; Weathers et al., 2013) to measure PTSD symptoms; the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ; Cloitre et al., 2018), which measures C-PTSD symptoms according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Diseases, 11th revision (ICD-11); the Child-Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS; Pianta, 1992), which measures connection and conflict in the caregiver-child relationship; and the Subjective Units of Distress (SUD) scale (Wolpe, 1969), which rates the client’s current level of distress or discomfort. The clinician also used the self-report questionnaire Helpful Aspects of Therapy (HAT; Llewelyn et al., 1988) and the Change Interview (CI) method (Elliott et al., 2001) to measure client experience and perspective. After treatment with AIT, the client no longer met criteria for C-PTSD and showed dramatic improvement in intergenerational relationship satisfaction. In addition, there was a rapid reduction of hard to eradicate C-PTSD symptoms as well as reduction in the quantity and intensity of fibromyalgia induced pain. Use of AIT with caregivers could interrupt the transmission of intergenerational trauma thereby reducing or preventing ACEs by increasing emotional regulation and resilience.

Key Words

C-PTSD, complex trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, case report, AIT, Advanced Integrative Therapy

EFT as an Alternative Therapy to Reduce Anxiety Disorders and Depression in People Who Are Positive Covid-19

Research & Studies

EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) as an Alternative Therapy to Reduce Anxiety Disorders and Depression in People Who Are Positive Covid-19

Citation (APA style): Tambunan, M. B., Suwarni, L., Setiawati, L., & Mardjan, M. (2022). EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) as an alternative therapy to reduce anxiety disorders and depression in people who are positive Covid-19. Psikostudia: Jurnal Psikologi, 11(1), 59-68. doi:10.30872/psikostudia

Abstract

The increasing number of deaths from Covid-19 is in line with anxiety disorders and depression in people who are positive for Covid-19. The emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is known as an effective therapy to reduce mental health disorders in certain patients but has never been applied to people who are confirmed positive for Covid-19. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of EFT as an alternative therapy in reducing anxiety and depression in people who are positive for Covid-19. This research design uses a quasi-experimental approach with a one-group pretest and posttest approach. A total of 22 people were isolated in the Health Training Unit (UPELKES) provided by the Pontianak Government of Indonesia in June 2021. The data analysis technique used paired t-test (95% CI). There was a significant decrease in anxiety (t value = 6,738) and depression scores (t value = 2,585) after EFT therapy was given (p-value < 0.05). Thus, EFT can be an alternative therapy in overcoming anxiety and depression disorders in people who are confirmed positive for Covid-19.

Key Words

Covid-19, anxiety disorders, depression, Emotional Freedom Technique

What’s the Point of Tapping? A Review

Research & Studies

What’s the Point of Tapping? A Review

Citation (APA style): Pfeiffer, A. (2018). What’s the point of tapping? A review. Psychotherapeutenjournal (German) 3, 235-243.

Abstract

The so-called tapping techniques like process and embodiment-focused psychology (PEP) and Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) have long since found their way into everyday clinical treatment in Germany. Clinical experience indicates that conditions with a high level of physiological emotional are believed to respond well to tapping techniques. However, based on the esoteric-sounding energy hypotheses on which such treatments rest, many classically trained psychotherapists are critical of these techniques. What do the scientific studies of recent years say about the effectiveness of tapping techniques? For which clinical situations is the application of tapping to be recommended? This review is intended to provide an insight into the current state of research, to critically analyze the individual studies, and to compare their results with studies of other forms of psychotherapy. On this basis, the scientific hypotheses of these therapies is also discussed.

Key Words

Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT, tapping.

Research on Acupoint Tapping Therapies Proliferating Around the World

Research & Studies

Research on Acupoint Tapping Therapies Proliferating Around the World

Citation (APA Style): Freedom, J., Hux, M., & Warner, J. (2022). Research on acupoint tapping therapies proliferating around the world. Energy Psychology: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 14(1), 22–37. doi:10.9769/EPJ.2022.14.1.JF

Abstract

Background
The evidence base for acupoint tapping including Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) includes over 120 clinical trials showing relatively rapid and durable improvements for a range of psychological and physical conditions. It supports the premise that tapping is an active ingredient and shows associated physiologic changes. This evidence is based in standard Western literature databases such as EBSCO and overwhelmingly in English.

Objective
The current report explores international and regional research on EFT not previously known in the Western literature evidence base.

Methods and Results
A search of ResearchGate found 86 research studies on acupoint tapping not identified in standard Western databases. A systematic search of 21 databases using the EBSCO search engine yielded an additional five previously unknown papers for a total of 91 research studies. These studies were published in regional and international journals (71% in Indonesia) with most published primarily in languages other than English (81% had only title and/or abstract available in English). EFT was used in 47% of the studies, and the remaining studies used “Spiritual EFT” (SEFT), a variation developed in Indonesia combining tapping with spiritual affirmations from the Quran. The majority (84%) were single group or comparative clinical trials and 5% were literature reviews. The target issue included a range of psychological or medical conditions such as anxiety (29%), depression (15%), and hypertension (11%). In a further step, the potential magnitude of this additional research base was explored using Google Scholar. Challenges include inconsistent quality of translations, limited search capabilities of Google Scholar, lack of full text translated into English, and reasons why this literature is not found in the major databases.

Conclusion
This review identified a large number of studies that had been “invisible” in the West due to their having been published in non-English-language journals. They demonstrate growing interest in EFT throughout the world. In comparison with English-language EFT databases, these studies tend to be more frequently performed in treatment settings such as hospitals, clinics, and universities, and they often address medical diagnoses such as diabetes, hypertension, and pain as well as psychological conditions. In addition, they apply EFT with populations rarely focused upon in Western EFT studies, such as prisoners, addicts, cancer patients, and diabetics. Finally, these studies provide a valuable perspective on how acupoint tapping is being used around the world in real-life settings.

Key Words

Tapping, EFT, Emotional Freedom Techniques, energy psychology, acupoint tapping, Spiritual EFT.

Therapists’ Observations in Reduction of Unpleasant Emotions Following Advanced Integrative Therapy Interventions

Research & Studies

Therapists’ Observations in Reduction of Unpleasant Emotions Following Advanced Integrative Therapy Interventions

Citation (APA Style): Brown, G. P., Batra, K., Hong, S. S., Sottile, R., Bakhru, R., & Dorin, E. (2022). Therapists’ observations in reduction of unpleasant emotions following Advanced Integrative Therapy interventions. Energy Psychology: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 14(1), 12–21. doi:10.9769/EPJ.2022.14.1.GB

Abstract

Objective
To assess the potential clinical efficacy of a novel model of energy psychology intervention, Advanced Integrative Therapy (AIT), this pilot study assessed clinician perceptions of AIT through a cross-sectional survey.

Methods
A 17-item web-based questionnaire was administered to AIT therapists in November of 2021. The survey included clinician demographics and the clinician-observed response to AIT treatment based upon changes in reported Subjective Units of Distress (SUD), the associated emotion, and somatic sensation (when present).

Results
A total of 76 complete responses were analyzed. The sample respondents were predominantly female (81.6%) and non-Hispanic white (68%). Over 80% of the respondents reported using AIT with their clients within the past six months and a significant proportion of participants self-assessed their AIT skills as of proficient or expert level. As reported by the therapists, 77% of the sessions described were used to clear patterns of negative events rather than a single event. Over 75% of events were identified as being either since childhood or otherwise chronic in nature. The average pre-AIT intervention SUD score was reported as 8.3±2.7 out of 10, which in 92% of cases, dropped to either 0 or 1 following a single session of AIT.

Conclusions
Although this pilot study was limited to clinician responses in assessment of the ability of AIT to reduce the negative emotions related to past traumatic events, the initial observations were supportive of the potential clinical utility of this energy psychology technique. The findings suggest that additional client-based assessments and randomized clinical trials with known therapies as a control are warranted to continue the systematic observation of AIT.

Key Words

Energy Psychology, Advanced Integrative Therapy, Emotional Freedom Techniques, Thought Field Therapy.

Tapping for PEAS: EFT in reducing Presentation Expression Anxiety Syndrome (PEAS) in University Students

Research & Studies

Tapping for PEAS: Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) in reducing Presentation Expression Anxiety Syndrome (PEAS) in University Students

Citation (APA Style): Boath, L. (2012). Tapping for PEAS: Emotional freedom technique (EFT) in reducing presentation expression anxiety syndrome (PEAS) in university students. Innovative Practice in Higher Education, 1(2).

Abstract

Presentation anxiety is one of the most common fears that people express. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) which is also known as tapping is an emerging complementary therapy that has been used to treat a variety of phobias. Participants were a convenience sample of 25 3rd year Foundation Degree level complementary therapy students undertaking a Research Module. The module included an assessed presentation, which was known to generate anxiety among students. The students were given a 15 minute assignment workshop .They then received a 15 minute lecture introducing EFT and were then guided though one round of EFT focussing on their fear of public speaking. The students were assessed using the Subjective Units of Distress (SUDs) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) pre and post EFT. Immediately following their presentation, the students were invited to take part in a brief face to face interview to explore their use of and feelings about EFT. Twenty one of the total sample of 25 students (84%) participated in the research. There was a significant reduction in SUDS (p=0.002), HAD (p = 0.048) and HAD Anxiety Subscale (p=0.037). There was no difference in the HAD Depression Subscale (p=0.719). The qualitative data were analysed using a framework approach which revealed 3 themes: nerves, novelty and the practical application of EFT. Despite the limitations of the study, the results suggest that EFT may be a useful addition to curricula for courses that include oral presentations.

Integrating the Complementary Therapies of Energy Psychology and Dreamwork – the Dream to Freedom Method

Research & Studies

Integrating the Complementary Therapies of Energy Psychology and Dreamwork – the Dream to Freedom Method

Citation (APA Style): Hoss, R. J., Hoss, L. M., Church, D. (2022) Integrating the complementary therapies of Energy Psychology and Dreamwork – the Dream to Freedom Method. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine, 7(3):27; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2203024.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the integration of dreamwork and Energy Psychology (EP) can enhance outcomes in the treatment of a range of psychological disorders. The therapeutic process often begins with a peeling away of emotional layers until underlying issues surface. When utilizing dreamwork, however, it is possible to begin at a deeper level. Because dreams address salient unresolved emotional conflicts, dreamwork can quickly bring into consciousness previously unconscious emotional issues that are at the source of psychological difficulties. Utilizing techniques from energy psychology to process the material that emerges in dreams is a particularly potent way of engaging the emotional content of the dream and utilizing it to inform the dreamer’s self-understanding and direction. Energy Psychology, in its most frequently utilized format, the Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), combines imaginal exposure and cognitive restructuring with the somatic stimulation of acupuncture points by tapping on them. More than 100 clinical trials demonstrate the unusual speed and clinical efficacy of EFT. The authors of this paper have combined dreamwork and EFT into a therapeutic protocol we call the Dream to Freedom (DTF) method. In addition to providing theoretical underpinnings of the approach, we present details of the use of the DTF protocol with seven subjects. In each case, underlying stressful memories triggering psychological symptoms were revealed, and the stress reaction to those specific memories was minimized or eliminated. In all seven case reports, DTF appears to have provided a systematic protocol for enhancing the emotional problem-solving function of dreams, providing each subject with insight towards creating future action steps.

Key Words

Energy Psychology, Emotional Freedom Techniques, (EFT), tapping, stress response, memory reconsolidation, dream work, gestalt therapy, dream analysis, dream to freedom (DTF).

Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique on Perceived Stress, Quality of Life, and Cortisol Salivary Levels in Tension-Type Headache Sufferers: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Abstract

Objective
To evaluate the short-term effects of the emotional freedom technique (EFT) on tension-type headache (TTH) sufferers.

Design
We used a parallel-group design, with participants randomly assigned to the emotional freedom intervention (n = 19) or a control arm (standard care n = 16). Setting The study was conducted at the outpatient Headache Clinic at the Korgialenio Benakio Hospital of Athens. Participants Thirty-five patients meeting criteria for frequent TTH according to International Headache Society guidelines were enrolled. Intervention Participants were instructed to use the EFT method twice a day for two months.

Outcome Measures
Study measures included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, and the Short-Form questionnaire-36. Salivary cortisol levels and the frequency and intensity of headache episodes were also assessed.

Results
Within the treatment arm, perceived stress, scores for all Short-Form questionnaire-36 subscales, and the frequency and intensity of the headache episodes were all significantly reduced. No differences in cortisol levels were found in any group before and after the intervention.

Conclusions
EFT was reported to benefit patients with TTH. This randomized controlled trial shows promising results for not only the frequency and severity of headaches but also other lifestyle parameters.

Keywords: Stress; TTH; stress management; EFT; health promotion

Citation (APA Style):
Bougea, A. M., Spandideas, N., Alexopoulos, E. C., Thomaides, T., Chrousos, G. P., & Darviri, C. (2013). Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique on Perceived Stress, Quality of Life, and Cortisol Salivary Levels in Tension-Type Headache Sufferers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. EXPLORE, 9(2), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.005

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Acupoint Stimulation in Treating Psychological Disorders: Evidence of Efficacy

Citation (APA Style): Feinstein, D. (2012). Acupoint stimulation in treating psychological disorders: Evidence of efficacy. Review of General Psychology, 16(4), 364-380. doi:10.1037/a0028602

Abstract

Energy psychology is a clinical and self-help modality that combines verbal and physical procedures for effecting therapeutic change. While utilizing established clinical methods such as exposure and cognitive restructuring, the approach also incorporates concepts and techniques from non-Western healing systems. Its most frequently utilized protocols combine the stimulation of acupuncture points (by tapping on, holding, or massaging them) with the mental activation of a targeted psychological issue. Energy psychology has been controversial, in part due to its reliance on explanatory mechanisms that are outside of conventional clinical frameworks and in part because of claims by its early proponents -­ without adequate research support -­ of extraordinary speed and power in attaining positive clinical outcomes. This paper revisits some of the field’s early claims, as well as current practices, and assesses them in the context of existing evidence. A literature search identified 51 peer-reviewed papers that report or investigate clinical outcomes following the tapping of acupuncture points to address psychological issues. The 18 randomized controlled trials in this sample were critically evaluated for design quality, leading to the conclusion that they consistently demonstrated strong effect sizes and other positive statistical results that far exceed chance after relatively few treatment sessions. Criteria for evidence-based treatments proposed by Division 12 of the American Psychological Association were also applied and found to be met for a number of conditions, including PTSD. Neurological mechanisms that may be involved in these surprisingly strong findings are also considered.

Keywords: acupoints, efficacy, Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT, exposure, Thought Field Therapy, TFT

Click here for abstract on journal website and access to full article 

Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing

Research & Studies

Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing

Citation (APA style): Banerjee, P., Puri, A., & Luqman, N. (2015). Emotional Freedom Technique: An alternative therapy in destressing. International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering and Management (IJAIEM), 4(9), 19—26.

Abstract

In the present-day competitive world, life is full of stress, especially for students who are on the threshold of a career. It has been accepted that emotional disharmony is one of the important factors in physical symptoms and disease. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is being widely used as an alternate healing method for freedom from stress/disease and has also shown astounding results in alleviating chronic illness. EFT is being used in medical and psychiatric circles as well as in the range of psychotherapies and healing disciplines. In this paper, an attempt was made to study the effects of EFT on subjects’ stress level. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant drop in the stress level of the subjects after using the technique. A sample of university students was selected and the results were noted. Pre and posttest design was used. It was concluded that the Emotional Freedom Technique had a positive effect on the stress level of subjects as they felt more relaxed, comfortable, and calm after going through EFT. The long-term benefits of this technique are discussed.

Keywords

Emotional Freedom Technique, EFT, tapping, stress, relaxation, healing